With numeric values in a gt table, we can perform percentage-based formatting. It is assumed the input numeric values are proportional values and, in this case, the values will be automatically multiplied by 100 before decorating with a percent sign (the other case is accommodated though setting the scale_values to FALSE) For more control over percentage formatting, we can use the following options:

  • percent sign placement: the percent sign can be placed after or before the values and a space can be inserted between the symbol and the value.

  • decimals: choice of the number of decimal places, option to drop trailing zeros, and a choice of the decimal symbol

  • digit grouping separators: options to enable/disable digit separators and provide a choice of separator symbol

  • pattern: option to use a text pattern for decoration of the formatted values

  • locale-based formatting: providing a locale ID will result in number formatting specific to the chosen locale

  rows = everything(),
  decimals = 2,
  drop_trailing_zeros = FALSE,
  drop_trailing_dec_mark = TRUE,
  scale_values = TRUE,
  use_seps = TRUE,
  accounting = FALSE,
  pattern = "{x}",
  sep_mark = ",",
  dec_mark = ".",
  force_sign = FALSE,
  incl_space = FALSE,
  placement = "right",
  locale = NULL



A table object that is created using the gt() function.


The columns to format. Can either be a series of column names provided in c(), a vector of column indices, or a helper function focused on selections. The select helper functions are: starts_with(), ends_with(), contains(), matches(), one_of(), num_range(), and everything().


Optional rows to format. Providing either everything() (the default) or TRUE results in all rows in columns being formatted. Can either be a vector of row captions provided in c(), a vector of row indices, or a helper function focused on selections. The select helper functions are: starts_with(), ends_with(), contains(), matches(), one_of(), num_range(), and everything(). We can also use expressions to filter down to the rows we need (e.g., [colname_1] > 100 & [colname_2] < 50).


An option to specify the exact number of decimal places to use. The default number of decimal places is 2.


A logical value that allows for removal of trailing zeros (those redundant zeros after the decimal mark).


A logical value that determines whether decimal marks should always appear even if there are no decimal digits to display after formatting (e.g, 23 becomes 23.). The default for this is TRUE, which means that trailing decimal marks are not shown.


Should the values be scaled through multiplication by 100? By default this is TRUE since the expectation is that normally values are proportions. Setting to FALSE signifies that the values are already scaled and require only the percent sign when formatted.


An option to use digit group separators. The type of digit group separator is set by sep_mark and overridden if a locale ID is provided to locale. This setting is TRUE by default.


An option to use accounting style for values. With FALSE (the default), negative values will be shown with a minus sign. Using accounting = TRUE will put negative values in parentheses.


A formatting pattern that allows for decoration of the formatted value. The value itself is represented by {x} and all other characters are taken to be string literals.


The mark to use as a separator between groups of digits (e.g., using sep_mark = "," with 1000 would result in a formatted value of 1,000).


The character to use as a decimal mark (e.g., using dec_mark = "," with 0.152 would result in a formatted value of 0,152).


Should the positive sign be shown for positive values (effectively showing a sign for all values except zero)? If so, use TRUE for this option. The default is FALSE, where only negative numbers will display a minus sign. This option is disregarded when using accounting notation with accounting = TRUE.


An option for whether to include a space between the value and the percent sign. The default is to not introduce a space character.


The placement of the percent sign. This can be either be right (the default) or left.


An optional locale ID that can be used for formatting the value according the locale's rules. Examples include "en_US" for English (United States) and "fr_FR" for French (France). The use of a valid locale ID will override any values provided in sep_mark and dec_mark. We can use the info_locales() function as a useful reference for all of the locales that are supported.


An object of class gt_tbl.


Targeting of values is done through columns and additionally by rows (if nothing is provided for rows then entire columns are selected). Conditional formatting is possible by providing a conditional expression to the rows argument. See the Arguments section for more information on this.


Function ID


See also


# Use `pizzaplace` to create a gt table;
# format the `frac_of_quota` column to
# display values as percentages
tab_1 <-
  pizzaplace %>%
  dplyr::mutate(month = as.numeric(substr(date, 6, 7))) %>%
  dplyr::group_by(month) %>%
  dplyr::summarize(pizzas_sold = dplyr::n()) %>%
  dplyr::ungroup() %>%
  dplyr::mutate(frac_of_quota = pizzas_sold / 4000) %>%
  gt(rowname_col = "month") %>%
    columns = frac_of_quota,
    decimals = 1